The resources listed below are a sampling of the research that supports the vision, mission, and goals of the First Five Coalition.  This is by no means an exhaustive list. Due to copyright laws, many resources below do not link directly to the articles, but to the websites that provide the resources.

 Birth to Five National Associations and Websites

 Zero to Three National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families

CDC Learn the Signs, Act Early

National Association for the Education of Young Children

Council for Exceptional Children: Division for Early Childhood


Galinsky, Ellen (2010). Mind in the Making: The Seven Essential Life Skills that Every Child Needs

 Shonkoff, J. (2000). From Neurons to Neighborhoods : The Science of Early Childhood Development

 Volmer, J. R. (2010). Schools Cannot do it Alone

Articles and Reports

Annie E. Casey Foundation (2013). The first eight years: Giving kids a foundation for lifetime success: Policy Report Kids Count. Available Online:

 Ahmad, F. Z., & Hamm, K. (2013). The school-readiness gap and preschool benefits for children of color. Available online:

 Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development. In International Encyclopedia of Education, Vol. 3, 2nd Ed. Oxford: Elsevier. Reprinted in: Gauvain, M., & Cole, M. (Eds.), Readings on the development of children, 2nd Ed. (1993, pp. 37-43). NY: Freeman.

Campbell, Frances A. (2014). High-Quality Early Education and Care Bring Health Benefits 30 Years Later: Major New Findings from FPG’s Abecedarian Project. Available Online: 

Council on Early Childhood (2014). Literacy Promotion: An Essential Component of Primary Care Pediatric Practice. Available online:

 Espinosa, L. M. (2013). PreK-3rd: Challenging common myths about dual language learners: An update to the seminal 2008 report. Available online:

 Institute for a Competitive Workforce (2010). Why business should support early childhood education. Available online:

 Kaurez, K., & Coffman, J. (2013). Framework for planning, implementing, and evaluating PreK-3rd grade approaches. Available online:

 Mindnich, J., Arac, D., Cavagnaro, E., Sanchez, M., Perez, G., Ries, M., . . . Ilog, L. (2012). Using a birth to third grade framework to promote grade-level reading: Promising practices in improving academic achievement among California’s English Language Learners. Available online:

Pretti-Frontczak, K. (2014). Stop trying to make kids “ready” for Kindergarten. Young Exceptional Children, 17, 51-53.

 Yoshikawa, H., Weiland, C., Brooks-Gunn, J., Burchinal, M. R., Espinoza, L. M. Gormley, W. T., . . . Zaslow, M. J. (2013). Investing in our future: The evidence base on preschool education. Available online: